ISSN 1214-0287 (on-line), ISSN 1214-021X (printed)
J Appl Biomed
Volume 10 (2012), No 4, p 177-186
DOI 10.2478/v10136-012-0012-0

Cilostazol suppresses LPS-stimulated maturation of DC2.4 cells through inhibition of NF-kappaB pathway

Tianhua Chen, Zhiliang Li, Qiang Fu, Linlin Chen, Longxing Cao, Weiwei Zhang, Jianxin Diao

Address: Zhiliang Li, Department of Cardiology, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, No.253 Industry Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong province, P. R. China
leedoctor00@163.com

Received 3rd January 2012.
Revised 12th February 2012.
Published online 14th February 2012.

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SUMMARY
Cilostazol is a phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor that functions as a platelet aggregation inhibitor and is used for treating peripheral artery diseases and ischemic stroke. Dendritic cells (DCs) play an active role in the immunological processes related to atherosclerosis. Cilostazol has anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory effects, but the effects of cilostazol on DC maturation remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of cilostazol on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced maturation of DCs. DC2.4 cells were treated with cilostazol for 12 h and subsequently stimulated with LPS to induce maturation. Cilostazol reduced the expression of maturation-associated markers induced by LPS, such as CD40, CD86, and MHCII, improved the endocytotic function, and decreased production of the tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) of these cells. To further elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the inhibition of DC2.4 maturation by cilostazol, we investigated the effect of cilostazol on LPS-stimulated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation. Our results indicated that cilostazol treatment decreased IkappaBalpha degradation and inhibited NF-kappaB p65 translocation, and the inhibitory effects of cilostazol were cAMP-independent. Therefore, inhibition of NF-kappaB by cilostazol might result in the suppression of DC maturation. In conclusion, cilostazol suppressed LPS-stimulated DC maturation, which might contribute to its anti-atherosclerosis effect.

KEY WORDS
atherosclerosis; cilostazol; dendritic cells; lipopolysaccharide; nuclear factor-kappa B

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