We tested the potency to reactivate AChE inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphates (DFP) by using bis-pyridinium oxime reactivators connected with CH2CH2OCH2CH2 linkers between two pyridinium rings. The potency was strongly dependent on oxime functional groups, and the bisoxime derivatives 1,1-[Oxybis(ethylene)]-bis[4-(hydroxyimino)methyl]pyridinium dibromide (1) and 1,1-[Oxybis(ethylene)]-bis[2-(hydroxyimino)methyl]pyridinium dichloride (2) are more potent than mono-oxime compounds 1-(4-hydroxyiminomethyl-1-pyridino)-5-(4-carbamoyl-1-pyridino)-3-oxapentane dibromide (3) and 1-(3-hydroxyiminomethyl-1-pyridino)-5-(4-carbamoyl-1-pyridino)-3-oxapentane dibromide (4). Not only is the number of oxime groups an important structural factor, but also their position. The in vitro reactivation ability of the most potent bispyridinium oxime 2 was further evaluated for the housefly (HF) AChE inhibited by DFP and the bovine red blood cell (RBC) AChE inhibited by paraoxon. The reactivation ability of oxime 2 at 5x10-3M concentration was almost 80% for HF-AChE inhibited by DFP and 82.1% for RB-CAChE inhibited by paraoxon.
Paraoxon; DFP; Organophosphorus agents; Bis-pyridinium oxime reactivators; Acetylcholinesterase
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