ISSN 1214-0287 (on-line), ISSN 1214-021X (printed)|
J Appl Biomed
Volume 8 (2010), No 1, p 35-40
In this in vitro study, using the HPLC method, we determined the ability of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) reactivators, used clinically, to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). We evaluated pralidoxime, HI-6, obidoxime, trimedoxime and methoxime - reactivators varying in the position of the oxime group on the pyridinium ring and linker connecting the pyridinium rings. Our results indicated that pralidoxime, a monoquaternary AChE reactivator, was the oxime with the most penetration. Molecular weight seems to be the most important factor for passive transport through the BBB. From the structural perspective, the connecting linker also plays a key role in the ability of the reactivators to penetrate the CNS. In this case, the simple and short linker is favorable for permeation of these compounds. The location of the oxime group on the pyridine ring may also influence passive transport into the brain; the best position of the oxime group seems to be position four.
blood-brain barrier; CNS penetration; HI-6; obidoxime; HPLC; oxime
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