ISSN 1214-0287 (on-line), ISSN 1214-021X (printed)
J Appl Biomed
Volume 9 (2011) No 3, p 157-161
DOI 10.2478/v10136-009-0035-3

Incidental poisoning of animals by carbamates in the Czech Republic

Ladislav Novotny, Jan Misik, Alena Honzlova, Petr Ondracek, Kamil Kuca, Oldrich Vavra, Vaclav Rachac, Petr Chloupek

Address: Ladislav Novotny, Center of Advanced Studies, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, University of Defence, Trebesska 1575, 500 01 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
novotnyl@pmfhk.cz

Received 16th September 2010.
Revised 20th October 2010.
Published online 23rd November 2010.

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SUMMARY
Illegal poisoning of wildlife and domestic animals is a worldwide issue. The carbamates primarily used as pesticides are often misused for such a purpose. In this study, 181 birds, mammals and baits were analysed over the period 2004-2009 for possible intoxication by carbamates. Intoxication by carbamate carbofuran was diagnosed in 89 cases, and in another 19 cases (nine Wild Boars and 10 Bisons) intoxication with another carbamate-methomyl - was proven. Incidental ingestion of the marten bait was the main cause of intoxication. Although the distribution of carbofuran was prohibited in 2007, no decline in the number of intoxicated animals in the following two years was detected. New cases of intoxication by carbofuran are anticipated in the future until all remaining stock is expended.

KEY WORDS
pesticide poisoning; organophosphorous inhibitors; forensic medicine; acetylcholinesterase

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